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Battle of Karbala

Battle of Karbala

Battle of Karbala - History

a Twelver Shi'a Muslim (follower of Imam Ali s.a.)

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"O you who believe! be careful of (your duty to) Allah and be with the true ones." Quran 9:119

"Indeed I appoint Caliph on earth" Quran 2:30

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Sectarian violence

Over the last weeks, Iraqis have witnessed the kind of sectarian violence they had hoped was a thing of the past.

On one morning eight bombs went off in an hour in Shia districts of Baghdad. On another there were 11 almost simultaneously - again in Shia neighbourhoods.

There was an attack too on a Sunni mosque in Baqubah and another close to a funeral procession.

Speaking to Iraqis at the bombsites and in hospitals, what surprised me was the very apparent lack of hatred towards the other sect.

Instead, there appeared to be resigned consensus that Iraq's politicians were exploiting sectarian differences for their own gains - but that so too, were foreign powers.

It is something that has created a huge Sunni-Shia rift across the region: Iran the big power on one side Saudi Arabia and Qatar on the other.

Other countries in the Middle East with mixed populations are feeling the effects, as Sunni and Shia groups within them start to align in what many now see as a holy war.

Hussain was forced to migrate under threat of violence.

Having refused to support Yazid, Hussain knew his life was in danger. Yazid did not allow anyone to oppose him, and adopted a policy of killing those who disagreed with him. Cautious of this, Hussain decided to leave his hometown of Medina, and take his family Mecca.

Mecca, the capital city of Islam and home to the Ka’ba, Hussain hoped Yazid would respect the holy city and not follow Hussain and his family. However, Yazid did not. Forced to leave Mecca, Hussain set course for Kufa. A city in Iraq where he had received letters of support from. Yazid predicted this and sent a huge army to block Hussain from reaching Kufa, and force them to the desert town of Karbala.

Once they reached Karbala, Hussain with his family 72 companions were surrounded by Yazid’s forces of up to 30,000 men. Despite being hugely outnumbered and with limited access to water, Hussain refused to give up. Yazid gave Hussain a final choice. To either support the government, or be killed.

After receiving the final ultimatum from Yazid, Hussain realised he would be killed in a matter of days.

Hussain gathered his companions and urged them to escape. He explained that it was him who Yazid wished to kill, and not them. Again, Hussain’s selflessness shone through. Having been deprived of water in the hot desert, he urged his supporters to save themselves.

Despite this, Hussain’s men stayed loyal to him and stayed true to their principles. Within a few days Yazid ordered his army to kill Hussain and his companions. When the dust settled, Hussain and his companions were killed. Throughout the forces of Yazid promised him he could leave freely if he chooses to support Yazid, but every time Hussain refused and was eventually killed, holding firmly to his principles.

Battle of Karbala - History

Pearl of Wisdom

'He who traverses a path in order to gain knowledge thereupon, Allah makes him traverse the path to Paradise.'

Article Source

We acknowledge that the below references for providing the original file containing the 'Events of Karbala'. Their references are


Yousuf N.Lalljee (2006). Know Your Islam. Ansariyan Publications. Qum
Lohouf, By Sayyid ibn Tawoos
Ali Hussain Jalali (2003). Karbala & Ashura. Ansariyan Publications. Qum

The files you find here are NOT IN the Public domain, and the copy rights of the files still remain with the above author

The Battle of Karbala, one of the Most Tragic Events in Islamic History

Describing the battle of Karbala that led to the martyrdom of Imam Hussein, Shaikh Abdol-Hamid of Zahedan, Iran considered the incident of Karbala one of the most tragic events in the Islamic history.
He insisted on practicing the practical life of the Holy Prophet’s Households in his Friday sermons of August 28, 2020 in Zahedan’s central grand mosque.

Shaikh Abdol-Hamid stated: “When the people complained to Imam Hussein about incompetence of the rulers and announced that they would pledge allegiance to Imam Hussain and would support him, he felt that he should carry out his responsibility as he moved to Kufah.”

Friday Khateeb of Zahedan continued: “Unfortunately, the people who had called Imam Hussein to Kufah, they violated their covenant for material reasons fearing of death. Many of them joined Yazid’s army and fought against Imam Hussein, while Imam Hussein did not come to fight because he left Madinah with women and children. If he wanted to fight, thousands of Muslims from Makkah, Madinah and other areas would join him as soldiers”.

President of Darululoom Zahedan added: “When Imam Hussein (may God bless him and grant him peace) reached the desert of Karbala, the soldiers of Yazid stopped him and asked him to give up they wanted to get him to Yazid as a “captive”. Imam Hussein said: ‘I did not come for war, let me return to Madinah, but they did not accept. Imam Hussein preferred to fight but not be captured when he saw all doors are closed. Therefore, he did not give up and fought until he was martyred in the desert of Karbala.”

“The battle of Karbala was one of the most tragic events in the world,” Shaikh Abdol-Hamid believed.

He said: “Throughout history, many scholars, the righteous, and saints had been killed in different conflicts, but the martyrdom of Sayyidana Hussein was matchless in the Islamic history. In the battle of Karbala, the grandson of the Messenger of Allah was martyred the one whom the Holy Prophet PBUH loved very much”.

Shaikh Abdol-Hamid further urged on following the path of the Holy Prophet’s Households and said: “To love Ahlul-Bayt is a part of the faith and tenets of Sunnis, but the very important point is that all of us, Shiites and Sunnis, in addition to expressing love for the Ahlul-Bayt, should also follow their practical lives and directions”.

“Imam Hussein and the Households of the Holy Prophet PBUH worshiped Allah, offered the night prayers, took care of the poor and needy people, and fought against oppression, tyranny and corruption. Therefore, following their practical lives is vital and important,” the Iranian Sunnis leader continued.

Muslims should respect each other’s sanctities
Friday Imam of Zahedan continued his speech by pointing to the advice of the Holy Qur’an and Sunnah in the face of difficulties and said: “The advice of the Qur’an and Sunnah is to be patient and to remember Allah in the time of difficulties. The fact is that Sunnis do not mourn or wear black clothes during the days of Muharram according to their jurisprudence”.

He pointed out: “A group of Muslims are mourning these days they are acting according to their own viewpoints. I have said many times that everyone is free and should act according to his own jurisprudence”.

Friday Khateeb of Sunnis in Zahedan emphasized: “We are very sad about the incident that happened to Imam Hussein in Karbala. If we were there on that day, we would fight alongside Imam Hussein against the oppressors and would risk our lives to death in order to defend him this is our belief, because martyrdom alongside Imam Hussein was a pride and honor. Allah the Almighty bestowed the honor of martyrdom to Imam Hussein (may Allah be pleased with him)”.

Alluding to some religious differences among Islamic sects, especially between Shiites and Sunnis, while describing the martyrdom of Hussein bin Ali, Shaikh Abdol-Hamid advised all Islamic sects and religions to act on commonalities and avoid divisions.

“I’d like to advise all Muslims to act on commonalities, to maintain unity and fraternity and avoid divisions. Shiites and Sunnis must respect each other’s sanctities and respect the status of religious elders as well. The enemies are always trying to create divisions among Muslims. Unfortunately, they have achieved their goals in this way and still are trying”, the most influential scholar of Sunnis in Iran said.

Pointing out to the virtues of fasting on the ninth and tenth Muharram according to the Hadiths and narrations, Shaikh Abdol-Hamid advised all Muslims to observe fast these two days.

Make efforts on the path of Allah to obtain paradise
Emphasizing on the necessity of striving in the way of Allah and following commands of the Shari’ah, in his first part of his speech, Shaikh Abdol-Hamid said: “Allah has commanded people to strive on His way and follow the rules and commands of the Shari’ah. Human beings should make efforts to reach to Allah and to gain His pleasure”.

Shaikh Abdol-Hamid urged on avoiding any kind of sins and insisted on striving in the way of Allah.

“Many complain that they cannot wake up for the morning prayers, they can’t recite the Holy Qur’an or adhere to the congregational prayers, and so on. All of them need to fight against their personal desires”, Imam of the Grand Makki Mosque of Zahedan said.

He added “You cannot do these things unless you seek refuge in Allah and strive. Allah the Almighty has created human beings as “Mujahid” to fight against the personal desires until the last breath.”

Shaikh Abdol-Hamid added: “No one enters the paradise only with wishing it, but to reach the paradise, human beings must struggle and carry out their duties. Many commit sins and say God forgives, while Allah forgives those who repent”.

“Today, COVID 19 has become an excuse for some to not to go to the mosque. Congregational prayers should be performed and mosques should not be closed. Worshippers should attend mosques with following health protocols and wearing face masks”, the outstanding scholar of Sunnis in Iran said.

Referring to the occasion of the Government Week, Shaikh Abdol-Hamid expressed his hope that the government will be successful in creating jobs, solving economic problems and the crisis of devaluation of the national currency with proper planning and policy and completing all projects”.

Shaikh Abdol-Hamid also referred to the reopening of schools in the upcoming days and advised: “Parents are requested to send their children to schools and Madrassahs. As well as, school principals and teachers should follow the necessary health recommendations to prevent any problems.”

Battle of Karbala

This painting commemorates the martyrdom of Imam Husayn, the grandson of the prophet Muhammad and the third imam, or leader, of the Shi c a Muslims. Husayn was killed by the forces of the Umayyad caliph Yazid I (r. 680&ndash683) in the desert of Karbala in central Iraq in 680 c.e. This battle emphasizes the divide between the Sunni and Shi c a branches of Islam Husayn led a resistance against what the Shi c a Muslims believed was the Umayyads&rsquo illegitimate rule. The focus of this painting is Husayn&rsquos half brother, c Abbas, mounted on a white horse as he stabs a member of Yazid&rsquos army. Individual episodes related to the agonies suffered by Husayn and his companions leading up to and during the battle are illustrated in smaller-scale vignettes on the left. The hereafter is shown at the right, with Husayn and his companions in heaven above and their opponents in hell below.

Paintings such as The Battle of Karbala show how the monumental genre, developed for the Zand and Qajar courts (see paintings displayed nearby), was reinterpreted for popular audiences during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. This account of Husayn&rsquos martyrdom inspired annual reenactments through ceremonial processions and the ta c ziya, the ritual theater of Iran. Narrative paintings served as portable backdrops, or pardas (curtains), that could be rolled up and transported from location to location, where a reciter (pardadar) would point to images as he recounted the story. As they were also presented in coffeehouses, such canvases are commonly referred to as qahvakhana, or &ldquocoffeehouse,&rdquo paintings.

Imam Hussain (ra) and the Tragedy of Karbala

Hadhrat Imam Hussain (ra) was the blessed grandson of the Holy Prophet (saw) . On 4 th Hijri (four years after the Prophet (saw) ’s migration from Makkah to Madinah) he was born to the daughter of the Holy Prophet (saw) , Hadhrat Fatimah (ra) , and her husband Hadhrat Ali (ra) . The child was named Hussain (ra) . ‘Hassan’ means beauty in Arabic, hence ‘Hussain’ means one part of beauty. The Prophet (saw) himself recited the Adhan (call to prayer) in his ear, as is the custom for newly born Muslim children, and also performed the Aqeeqah ritual (when the baby’s hair is shaved off). (Al-Nisai).

Amongst the male progeny of the Holy Prophet (saw) none lived to adulthood, hence he naturally loved his young grandchildren, Hussain (ra) and his brother Hassan (ra)1 .

A servant of the Holy Prophet (saw) Hadhrat Anas (ra) , said that out of everyone in his household, Hassan (ra) and Hussain (ra) were most loved by the Holy Prophet (saw) . The Holy Prophet (saw) would often go to their house to meet them. He would enjoy watching them play and would lift them and hold them against his chest with affection. Sometimes, when the Holy Prophet (saw) was in prostration during prayers, his grandchildren would climb on his back and the Prophet (saw) would remain in prostration for some time. After completing the prayers, the Holy Prophet (saw) would lift them onto his lap.

Once, the Holy Prophet (saw) was delivering the Friday Sermon in the Mosque. When Hussain (ra) entered, the Holy Prophet (saw) ’s eyes turned to him. He stood down from the Minbar from where he was delivering the sermon, lifted Hussain (ra) and placed him against his chest. The Holy Prophet (saw) would especially pray for his grandchildren: “O Allah, I love both of them, Thou, too, love them similarly.” (Bukhari, Kitabul Fadha’il)

The Holy Prophet (saw) would say: “Whoever loves them loves me (and whoever bears a grudge against them bears a grudge against me. Hussain is mine and I am Hussain’s. Whoever loves Hussain will be loved by Allah)”. (Musnad Ahmad bin Hanbal).

For seven years Hadhrat Hussain (ra) was blessed with the good fortune of being educated by the Holy Prophet (saw) . Hadhrat Abu Bakr (ra) and Hadhrat Umar (ra) the First and Second Khalifas after the Holy Prophet (saw) respectively, also looked upon Hadhrat Hussain (ra) with respect and reverence because of their nearness to the Holy Prophet (saw) . In the era of Hadhrat Uthman (ra) the Third Khalifa, Hadhrat Hussain (ra) had the honour of waging Jihad in Tabiristaan (or Tapuria). (Ibn Kathir, vol.3, p.45).

During the besiegement of Hadhrat Uthman (ra) , Hadhrat Hussain (ra) and Hadhrat Hassan (ra) were ordered by Hadhrat Ali (ra) to guard Hadhrat Uthman (ra) , and hence they kept the rebellious people at bay. (Tarikh Al-Khulafa, Jalaludin Suyuti).

After Hadhrat Ali (ra) ’s martyrdom, Hussain (ra) took the pledge of allegiance with his brother, Hadhrat Hassan (ra) , and was involved in the reconciliation with Amir Muawiyah. His knowledge was exemplary and his oratory outstanding. His nights would be spent in worship, and he would give alms abundantly. The Holy Prophet (saw) once stated that “To me, Hassan and Hussain are both the best fragrance of the world”. (Bukhari Fadha’il Sahaba)

According to Hadhrat Anas (ra) , Hassan (ra) and Hussain (ra) bore the greatest resemblance to the Holy Prophet (saw) . (Bukhari Kitabul Fadha’il).

The Holy Prophet (saw) stated that Hassan (ra) and Hussain (ra) “are the leaders of youth in paradise”. He said “whoever wages war against them wages war against me, and whoever reconciles with them reconciles with me.”

The martyrdom of Hadhrat Hussain (ra) was one of the most tragic incidents in Islamic history. No Muslim can read the accounts of the events that unfolded, without being extremely hurt and aggrieved.

The two main people, Yazid and Hadhrat Hussain (ra) , both claimed to be Muslims, and both professed the Muslim creed. Yet one of them – Yazid, did not truly understand the meaning of Islam. He disregarded the Islamic faith and injunctions regarding honesty and justice, and hence became the oppressor. Hadhrat Hussain (ra) , on the other hand, immersed himself in the true Islamic spirit, displaying bravery, tolerance and steadfastness, and was the oppressed. (Friday Sermon, Hadhrat Mirza Masroor Ahmad (aba) , Khalifatul Masih V, 10 Dec 2010).

The Incident of Karbala

In 56 Hijri Amir Muawiyah (who claimed he was the Khalifa after Hadhrat Ali (ra) ), appointed his son Yazid heir-apparent. A large section of the Muslims took the pledge of allegiance at the hand of Yazid to prevent divisions. However Hussain (ra) , Abdullah bin Umr (ra) , Abdullah bin Zubair (ra) and some others, felt that due to Yazid’s impiety, he was not worthy, nor possessed the right to the Khalifat. Amir Muawiyah retorted that after his appointment of Yazid as heir-apparent, it was not appropriate for anyone to reject or oppose this decision.

Shrine of Hussain, holy site of Shia Islam in the city of Karbala, Iraq

After the demise of Amir Muawiyah in 60 Hijri, Yazid ordered the Amir of Madinah to immediately take the oath of allegiance from these three i.e. Hussain (ra) , Abdullah bin Umr (ra) , Abdullah bin Zubair (ra) , upon which, Hussain (ra) and Abdullah bin Zubair (ra) went to Makkah. Numerous letters were sent from Iraq stating a desire to take the pledge of allegiance at the hands of Hussain (ra) . He sent Muslim bin Aqeel (ra) to Kufa to find out about the 18,000 apparently ready to take the pledge of allegiance. He intended to go to Kufa, but Abdullah bin Abaas (ra) and other elders opposed this decision. Hussain (ra) told them to perform Istikhara prayers and said: “Make your mind up according to the Divine Will”. Thus finally, they decided to go to Kufa.

Meanwhile, Yazid found out that the people of Kufa had taken the pledge of allegiance of Imam Hussain, through Muslim bin Aqeel (ra) . Yazid sent the Amir of Basra, Ibn Ziyaad, to Kufa and the situation reached a stage where Muslim bin Aqeel was martyred.

Hussain (ra) had taken stock of the precarious situation in Kufa, and decided that everything was in the hands of God. He thought that whatever He Wills would occur. Indeed, every day He manifests Himself in a new splendour. “If the Divine Will is with our objective,” he thought, “then we will be grateful to God for this. But if the Divine will prevents our objective from being accomplished then that is not something erroneous, for a person who fears God and whose intention is pious.”

Hussain (ra) found out about Muslim bin Aqeel (ra) ’s murder. Aqeel (ra) ’s brother went to Kufa to exact revenge. During this time Hussain (ra) saw the Holy Prophet (saw) in a vision, who provided him with some instructions. He interpreted this dream to mean that whatever may happen to him now, there was no turning back.

He gave everyone in his group the choice to return. The general public dispersed and only the Ahle Ba’ait (family of the Holy Prophet (saw) ) and a few Companions remained – there were in total approximately 72 people in Hussain (ra) ’s camp. In the meantime, Yazid brought an army of 1000, and wanted to detain Hussain (ra) ’s group and take them to Kufa.

Hussain (ra) stated plainly, “I was going to Kufa on the beckoning of the people of Kufa if they have changed their minds then I shall return”.

He showed Hurban Qais the letter from Kufa. Hurbain replied “We have not written this letter, and we have instructions from the Amir to send you to Kufa”.

Hussain (ra) responded, “Death would be better than this”.

The option of returning was no longer possible. The Divine Will had determined. Imam Hussain (ra) suddenly woke from his sleep. He said “InnaLillah” (surely to Allah we belong, and to Him we shall return) and then “Alhumdulillah” (all praise belongs to Allah), and said “in my dream a traveller stated that the nation is moving towards its death”.

His son Zain ul Abideen (ra) said, “what does it matter if death comes on the path to the truth?”.

On the 3 rd day of the month of Muharram, Ibn Sa’ad arrived with an army of 4000. He read out the directive of Ibn Ziyaad, “Hussain should come to Kufa and pledge allegiance to Yazid”. (Ibn Kathir)

On the 7 th of Muharram they turned off the water source to Hussain (ra) and his family. His family started becoming extremely distressed due to this. In fact, one person from Yazid’s camp could not tolerate this act of cruelty and defected to Imam Hussain (ra) ’s group.

The 10 th of Muharram was the last night of the esteemed delegation of Imam Hussain (ra) . Hussain (ra) and his people prepared for death. They sharpened their weapons and spent the night in deep worship. Upon seeing this his sister, Zainab, said to Hussain (ra) :

“If only death would cause my end today! After my mother Fatima, father Ali and brother Hassan (passed away), you alone were our support”.

Hussain replied “Zainab do not hand over your honour to Satan”.

She said, “Brother, for you I can sacrifice my life”.

Tears started flowing from Hussain (ra) ’s eyes. Zainab (ra) also started crying. Hussain (ra) told her to be patient and said, “One day we all have to return to our Lord. Promise by God that after my death you will not act contrary to the example of the Holy Prophet (saw) . Do not defame anyone, saying anything untowardly” (Tarikh Ibn Kathir, p.514).

Finally, on the morning of Ashura (the 10 th of Muharram), judgment day arrived. There were only 72 people with Hussain against 4000 soldiers. The flag of the Hussain (ra) camp was in the hands of Abbas (ra) .

Before entering the field of battle Hussain (ra) placed the Qur’an in front of himself, raised his hands and prayed: “Lord, You are the One I rely on in every affliction, and You are the reliever of every difficulty You have always been my protector and I have always submitted before You alone. You alone are the Master of all goodness.”

Once again he demanded safe passage to a peaceful place from the enemy, however they insisted he pledge allegiance to Yazid first.

Hussain (ra) performed the Zuhr (noon) prayers in this atmosphere of danger. Heavy fighting then ensued. The famous warrior Hanafi (ra) stood in front of Hussain (ra) and gave his life protecting him. After this Zahir bin Qais (ra) was martyred. One by one the others came forward until finally all of Hussain’s companions were killed fighting, desperately trying to defend him.

They exclaimed, “We were unable to help you!”.

“May Allah grant you the reward due for the righteous”, was Imam Hussain (ra) ’s reply.

After the martyrdom of all these loyal people it was now the turn of the Ahle Ba’ait (family of the Holy Prophet (saw) ). The young Ali Akbar (ra) stepped onto the field of battle and said “I am the son of Hussain, son of Ali. I swear by God, I am the Companion of the Holy Prophet”. He sacrificed his life fighting with great bravery, in battle. His paternal Aunt, Zainab (ra) , was unable to hold herself back. Thus, Hussain (ra) sent her back to the camp. Ali (ra) ’s body was placed near one of the tents.

Subsequently Abdullah (ra) son of Muslim bin Aqeel (ra) and grandson of Jaafar Tayyar (ra) , Addi (ra) , rushed into battle and were killed. Abdul Rahman (ra) son of Aqeel (ra) , and Qasim (ra) son of Hassan (ra) , next attained martyrdom.

Witnessing this on the beckoning of Abbas (ra) , Abdullah (ra) , Jaafar (ra) and Uthman (ra) – three brothers, formed a wall-like barrier in front of Imam Hussain (ra) . They too were murdered. Abbas (ra) was the last remaining person with Imam Hussain (ra) . He also was killed and thus attained martyrdom.

20 members of the family of the Holy Prophet (saw) had been killed in the field of Karbala.

Imam Hussain (ra) was now left alone. He went towards the river to quench his thirst, when an arrow fired at him hit him on his face, causing blood to spurt out like a fountain. Yet, he fought valiantly until his last breath. He said to the enemy:

“I swear by God, anyone you kill after today will not incur God’s fury to a greater extent than (anyone you kill) today”

After this the people of Kufa started looting the Muslim camp. They even began taking off the headscarves from the women.

Horse riders instructed by Umar bin Sa’ad, rode forth and trampled upon the dead body of Imam Hussain (ra) .

Umar bin Sa’ad then exclaimed “Who amongst the horse riders will trample over Hussain (ra) ?” 10 horse riders answered this call and trampled over Hadhrat Imam Hussain’s body, to the extent that his chest and back were completely disfigured.

Imam Hussain (ra) had been hit 45 times by arrows, 33 times by spears and over 40 times by sword blows. In an act of excessive cruelty, Hadhrat Hussain’s head was severed and sent to Kufa, where the governor had it displayed for public view.

In short this was a tragic day in Islamic history, when the blood of the noble people of God was shed in this merciless slaughter. However, Imam Hussain (ra) had given his life to uphold the truth, of this there can be no doubt.

Many a people wrote eulogies after the barbaric murder of Imam Hussain (ra) , such as Sakeena his daughter, who wrote:

O eye, thou shall not shed lifelong tears on thy children, mother, father and friends,

But on the bloodshed of the grandchild of the Messenger

Imam Hussain (ra) ’s stand against Yazid

Unfortunately, a minority of Muslims consider Hadhrat Hussain (ra) ’s rejection of Yazid as rebellion, whereas this is contrary to the reality. Hadhrat Imam Hussain (ra) ’s stand against Yazid was not for the reason that Yazid had claimed he was a rightly guided Khalifa. The Khilafat Rashida (rightly guided succession of Khilafat after the Holy Prophet (saw) ), had come to an end thirty years after the demise of the Holy Prophet (saw) , as the Prophet had prophesied himself. Imam Hussain (ra) ’s resistance was in order to remove a tyrannical despot, a self-appointed Khalifa, and thus safeguard and help the oppressed.

Hadhrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad (as) , the Promised Messiah and Imam Mahdi, has stated in his writings that Yazid was an impure worm of the earth, blinded by the love of the world. Whilst Hussain (ra) was truthful and provided a pure model for future Muslims to follow. He writes that it is extremely wrong to discredit Hadhrat Hussain (ra) , and one who does so wastes his faith.

Once in the house of the Promised Messiah (as) , the incident of Hadhrat Hussain (ra) ’s martyrdom was being related. Upon hearing this the Promised Messiah (as) started crying profusely, and stated with immense pain: “Yazid performed this cruel act against the grandson of the Holy Prophet (saw) , but God also rapidly brought His wrath down upon the oppressors.” (Seerat Tayyiba, Hadhrat Mirza Bashir Ahmad (ra) , p.36)

Remembering Karbala

The martyrdom ultimately led to the Shia-Sunni split, with the Shites holding that Imanat (leadership) of the Muslim followers belonged to Hadhrat Ali (ra) , whereas the Sunnis adhere to the Traditions of the Holy Prophet (saw) . Many other differences later emerged in each group.

Each year in the first ten days of Muharram, some Muslims around the world commemorate the martyrdoms of Hadhrat Imam Hussain (ra) , his family and companions, and mourn that dreadful event that took place in the fields of Karbala over 1000 years ago. Some take to the streets and wail excessively, beating their chests with their hands and other weapons. Others take part in processions, specially organised functions and other events and gatherings in mosques and halls.

The best way of remembering Karbala as expounded by the Head of the Ahmadiyya Muslim community, Hadhrat Mirza Masroor Ahmad (aba) , Khalifatul Masih V, in his Friday Sermon of 10 th December 2010, is to send Darud, invoking salutations and blessings upon the Holy Prophet (saw) and his family, and to bring about pure reformation within ourselves. He said that all Muslims feel sorrow and grief regarding the incident of Karbala. Whilst certain Muslim groups adopt customs which appear quite extreme in our view, that is their own way of recalling the incidents of Muharram. Darud, however, has been expounded by the Holy Qur’an, the Traditions of the Holy Prophet (saw) have drawn attention to it, as has the Promised Messiah, Hadhrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad (as) , Founder of the Ahmadiyya Muslim community. It is a most excellent way of professing love for the Holy Prophet (saw) and his family. Just as Hadhrat Hussain (ra) and those with him, stood firmly in the face of certain death, Muslims should similarly display this forbearance and steadfastness in front of people with Yazid-like natures and be resolute. Hussain (ra) expressed the truth despite facing a huge army hence Muslims should present the truth without regard for the consequences for their own persons.

1 Hadhrat Imam Hassan (ra) was the elder brother of Hadhrat Imam Hussain (ra) . The Holy Prophet (saw) held them in equally high regard and in the Traditions the Prophet (saw) normally referred to them together (Ed).

10 Facts About The Battle of Karbala Every Muslim Needs To Know

The Battle of Karbala happened on Muharram 10, in the year 61 AH as per the Islamic calendar (October 10, 680 AD) in Karbala, known as Iraq today.

The Battle of Karbala is observed by the remembrance of Martyrs of Karbala each Muharram by each Muslim, coming from all across the world on its tenth day, known as the Day of Ashura.

Iraq Islamic History

This is the resting place of Hussain (may Allah be pleased with him) in Karbala. He was the son of Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) and the grandson of the Prophet Mohammed (ﷺ).

Feeding the poor and needy is an act that draws us closer to Allah. We earn His forgiveness, mercies and blessings through this act of charity.

“Anyone who looks after and works for a widow and a poor person is like a warrior fighting for Allah?s cause, or like a person who fasts during the day and prays all night. (Bukhari)

Hussain (may Allah be pleased with him) was born in Shaaban 4АХ. He was brought to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), who was overjoyed. He chewed a date and put it in the mouth of a newborn, which he began to suck. The first to hit his stomach was the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) blessed his saliva. Then he gave adhaan and ikamata in his ears and called him Hussain. On the 7th day, he gave an indication that the head should be shaved and that Sadak from silver should be equivalent to the weight of the hair. After that, he made aqeeqah, (sacrificing two goats for him).

Hussain (may Allah be pleased with him) was courted and suckled Ummul Fadl Radiallah (may Allah be pleased with him), the wife of the Prophet Uncle Abbas. She mentions that when the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) kept Hussain (may Allah be pleased with him) on his knees and was in a cheerful mood. He suddenly began to cry. She asked about the reason. He replied: “Jibril has just informed me that my ummah will one day kill this beloved son of mine.” [Bayhaqi]

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) declared in the Hadith:
“Hussein is mine, and I am Hussein. May Allah like the one who loves Hussein. Hussein is a mighty grandson. ” [Ibn majah]

Hussein says that his grandfather the Prophet (SAW):
“Out of the beauty of Imaan of man, he leaves aside things that do not concern him”

Ibn Kathir writes: “Sayidun Abu Bakr, perhaps, is pleased with him by Allah), showed great respect for the family of the Prophet (may Allah bless him and welcome). He treated Hussein with love, love, and special attention. The same thing happened with Sayiduna Umar and Uthman (may Allah be pleased with them). [Al-Bidayah, Tajalliyat Safdar]

When Kisra’s daughter, Princess Sheherbanu, was brought to Medina Munavava among the prisoners, Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) said: “It is suitable only for Hussein.” He gave it to Hussein (may Allah be pleased with him), who freed her and married her. She gave birth to her son Ali Ibn al-Hussein, who was later named Imam Zain Al-Abideen, thanks to the beauty of his worship.

During the caliphate of Abu Bakr and Umar (may Allah be pleased with them), Hussein (may Allah be pleased with him) is still growing. In 26AH, during the caliphate of Utmani, he took part in the conquest of Tripoli. He played an important role in this victory, as well as many others. In the 30s he was with Said ibn al-Aas (may Allah be pleased with him) in the conquest of Tabrishan and then in the conquest of Djurdjan.

In 34AH, when the rebels surrounded the residence of Uthman (may Allah be pleased with them) and yearn for his blood, this brave prince offered his life with a group of young people. They will stand at the door and will guard their house, returning the rebels. Despite repeated requests to bring the rebels and to have the opportunity to do so, Uthman (may Allah be pleased with him) forbade them to shed one drop of blood to protect him. In the end, the rebels took over the property of their neighbors and jumped into the walls. Then they killed Uthman (may Allah be pleased with him).

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After the martyrdom of Uthman (may Allah be pleased with him), Muhajirin and Ansar promised their loyalty to Ali (may Allah be pleased with him). Hussein (may Allah be pleased with him) was on the side of his father during the five years of his caliphate. He was a very obedient and humble son and took part in notable battles with Jamal and Siffen.

After the death of his father, he turned to his elder brother Hassan (may Allah be pleased with him) as a father. He will always be with him and consult him on important matters.

After the remaining Khaleefa, only 6 months, Hassan (may Allah be pleased with him) handed over the reign of the leadership of Mu’awiyah (may Allah be pleased with him). Mu’awiya (may Allah be pleased with him) treated Ahla Beyta with great respect. He set the allowance in the amount of 100,000 per year for Sayidun Hasan and Hussein (may Allah be pleased with them). When they go to Shaam or Mu’awiyah (may Allah be pleased with him), they will come to Medina, they will treat each other with generosity and hospitality.

When Hassan (may Allah be pleased with him) died in the year 50AH, Hussein (may Allah be pleased with him) became the eldest among the prophetic household. At that time he was the best man on earth. As soon as Abdullah bin Amr ibn al-Aas (may Allah be pleased with him), sat in Haram Sharif near the Ka’ba when Hussein (may Allah be pleased with him). He looked at his radiant face and remarked: “Among all the people on the face of this earth, this man is the most beloved of the angels of heaven.” Abdullah Ibn Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) will be proud to hold on to Hussein’s ladder (may Allah be pleased with him), the saddle when he rides his horse.

Hussein (may Allah be pleased with him) was tortured in Karbala at 10 Muharram 61AH. He was 57 years old.

The Battle of Karbala In Iraq

Karbala is the site of the battle that fought on the 10th Muhmarmar 61 AH between a small group of supporters and the relatives of Hussein bin Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) and the much greater power of Yazeed I, the Umayyad caliph. This is the place where Hussein (may Allah be pleased with him) was tortured and martyred.

When Muawiya (may Allah be pleased with him) died in the 1960s, his son Yazid became his successor. Yazid was only thirty. The Muslim community was not pleased with his appointment because of the crimes of Yazeed.

Not all cities under Muslim rule promised their loyalty to Yazid. On the contrary, many refused to accept his leadership. As a result, two groups materialized among Muslims. Hussein and Abdullah bin Zubair (may Allah be pleased with them) were of the opinion that Yazid should be resisted and removed. While Abdullah bin Umar and Abdullah bin Abbas (may Allah be pleased with them) did not decide about this, not because they doubted Yazid’s wrongdoings, but because they were afraid of the murder that follows confrontation.

Yazeed was founded in Damascus, Syria. At that time, Kufa was one of the main cities of Iraq. The people of Kufa invited Hussein (may Allah be pleased with him) to remove Yazid and unite the Ummah. They made promises to promise him loyalty. During this time they wrote him hundreds of letters. Hussein (may Allah be pleased with him) was at that time in Mecca.

Hussein (may Allah be pleased with him) sent his cousin Muslim ibn Aqel ibn Abi Talib to sort out this issue. When the Muslim ibn Aqeel reached Kufa, people began to declare loyalty to Hussein (may Allah be pleased with him) in his hands. He answered, saying that the whole city repeats your name and that you must come immediately. Hussein (may Allah be pleased with him) left with his close relatives and many distant relatives and friends. Abdullah bin Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) tried to stop him not because he supported Yazid, but because he knew the treacherous nature of the people of Kufa. They had previously betrayed Hussein’s father Ali (may Allah be pleased with him).

READ MORE: 10 Incredible Benefits Of Converting To Islam

Hussein (may Allah be pleased with him), however, he left. On the way, he received news that events in Kufa had changed for the worse. Yazid sent an order from Damascus that the governor had been changed, and he instructed the newly appointed ruler Ubaidullah ibn Ziyad to be strict against his opponents. He caught and killed the Muslim ibn Aqail. Subsequently, the people left Hussein (may Allah be pleased with him) and turned against him.

The army was sent to capture or kill Hussein (may Allah be pleased with him) and his caravan. They cornered him and restricted his movements. He reminded them of his invitation and showed them his letters. But they refused to recognize these letters. He asked them to rest from the night before Ashura. It happened on the night before Friday. He instructed his caravan to spend the night in worship and in prayer. He was also engaged in worship. He instructed his sister Zaynab (may Allah be pleased with him) not to mourn his martyrdom, because martyrdom would be a source of exaltation for him.

For some time he lied and saw in a dream his grandfather, the prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be with him). He instructed him to be patient and informed him that he would soon join him.

The next morning, the army attacked a caravan. Hussain (may Allah be pleased with him) his family and friends protected him, but there were more of them. The opposing army consisted of four thousand well-armed soldiers, while the caravan consisted of no more than a hundred men, some children, and women from a family. They were killed one by one. Hussain (may Allah be pleased with him) was as brave as his father, and he also fought until he was alone. They defended from morning until noon, until time Jumma beckoned. Because they were travelers, they had to pray to the Zohar. Hussain (may Allah be pleased with him) asked for a respite so that they could perform Salah, but they refused, and he prayed to the Zohar Salah indicating (Ishkhara).

At that moment he was very thirsty and wanted to drink some water near the river. However, when he approached the water, one unfortunate man shot an arrow at him and thus prevented him from drinking. He became very weak because of the blood that was leaking from his wounds, and at that moment a curse broke out of his mouth. He said, “May you die of thirst too.” And it so happened that the attacker died from the disease, because of which he craved, and no matter how much water he drank, his thirst would not go.

No man had the courage to attack him correctly. They approached him in the party, shot arrows from afar, and then fled when he turned towards them. They decided to plant it collectively. It was then that Shimr Zil Jaushan hit him in the head, while others separated him from his body. Some nasty people trampled his dead body with their horses. Inna Lillallahi Wa Inna Elihi Rajion.

Hussain (may Allah be pleased with him) gave his precious life to establish the Hakk (truth). He did not give up lies, even if they made offers and promises. The oppressors did not stop at him, they even tried to kill the children. Imam Zaynul Abidin fell ill and could not take part. Therefore, he was kept in a tent with the ladies. The enemies rushed into the tents and tried to kill him, but his aunt Zainab grabbed him and screamed at them, at which they retreated.

Hussain (may Allah be pleased with him), the torn head was brought to Ubaidulla ibn Ziyad, the ruler of Kufa. He touched his lips with a stick in his hand and praised the beauty of his face. An elderly Sahabi who was present could not accept him and remarked: “Do not do this! I saw the prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Vasallam kiss this face. ”

Then the severed head and family members were sent to Yazid in Damascus. He showed some remorse for the murder. Allah knows how genuine he is. He sent the family back to Medina Munawwarah.

The decree of Allah (ﷻ) is striking. Exactly 6 years later, Ubaydullah Ibn Ziad was killed on the same day in Ashar in 67AH. His torn head appeared before Mukhtar Ibn Abi Ubaid At-Takafi. People saw that a small snake came out of his mouth and then came back through his nose. He did this for a while and then disappeared inside.

Ahle Byte remained extremely calm, despite the tragic departure of Hussain (may Allah be pleased with him) and many of their relatives. When they returned to Medina Munawwarah, cries of grief were heard from within.

Yazeed and the killers did not last long. The killers spent the rest of their lives in a terrible state and died very quickly. Yazid also died in just 3 years. May Allah Taala cope with him as he deserves.

Abdullah bin Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) was in Mecca during the martyrdom of Hussain (may Allah be pleased with him). He rested when he saw the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) in a dream. His hair was disheveled and he had a bottle of blood in his hands. At the request of Ibn Abbas, the Prophet (may Allah bless him and welcome) replied: “I was just where Hussain was tortured. I collected this blood to be present in the court of Allah on the Day of Judgment. ”

Abu Usman Nahdi migrated from Kufa to Basra, saying: “I cannot stay in the city that killed the grandson of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him).” Another Tabiya said: “If I were among the army that killed Hussain, and I was allowed to enter Jannah … I still feel ashamed of myself.”

Some narrations say that on that fateful day in Karbala, the sky suddenly turned black. Some also say that in Byte al-Maqdis, when the stone is turned, they will see blood under it. [Isab]

It was a huge tragedy. Imam Shafiye (Allah shows mercy to him) composed poetry regarding Hussain’s martyrdom (may Allah be pleased with him), in which he declares his complete innocence. He says:

“Slaughtered for no reason. His shirt was so red as though it was dyed with red colour.
The world shook apart for the family of Muhammad.
The massive mountains were close to melting.
How Ajeeb? People send peace & blessings upon the Prophet from Banu Hashim and then kill His beloving children! “

Ahle bayt continued his life. Umma moved on. The attackers have suffered in this world, as they will in the hereafter. It is senseless to continue crying and complaining about this tragedy. Today there are many innovations and falsifications regarding the martyrdom of Hussain (may Allah be pleased with him) that we should not take part or admire. Rather, we should learn the lessons from the sacrifice of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him), his family and companions and bring them into our lives.

Tomb of the Prophet Uzayr (May Allah please with Himt)

It is believed that this is the place of the tomb of the Prophet Uzair (Ezra) (May Allah please with Himt). It is located in the province of Amara in Iraq.

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