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AMX 38 (Medium Tank)

AMX 38 (Medium Tank)



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AMX 38 (Medium Tank)

The AMX 38 was a medium tank produced by the recently nationalised tank production branch of Renault, but that didn't see combat in 1940.

In August 1936 the French government partially nationalised many of the large armament firms. Renault’s tank division became the Atelier de Construction d’Issy-les-Moulineaux, or AMX. The new concern was responsible for the development of the AMX-38.

The AMX-38 was a medium tank armed with a 47mm gun (replacing a 37mm SA 38 gun used in early machines) and a 7.5mm coaxial machine gun. It was powered by a 150hp liquid cooled Aster diesel 4-cylinder engine. It had Wilson-Talbot gears. There were sixteen bogie wheels and four return rollers on each side. The suspension was protected by skirts. It carried up to 60mm of armour.

Like other French light tanks it only carried a crew of two, so the commander also had to serve as gunner and loader. It suffered from a very limited range of only 140-150km/ 87-93 miles.

The first few tanks were ready at the outbreak of war in 1939. Production then stopped, and the few that had been produced weren't used in combat.

Stats
Production: ?
Hull Length: 16.94ft
Hull Width: 5.93ft
Height: 7.25ft
Crew: 2
Weight: 16 tonnes
Engine: 150hp liquid cooled 4-cylinder Aster diesel engine
Max Speed: 24kph/ 15mph
Max Range: 140km/ 87 miles
Armament: 47mm and one coaxial 7.5mm MG
Armour: 50mm max


AMX-32

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 09/25/2018 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.

The AMX-32 was a further development of the commercially successful French-made AMX-30 main battle tank. Along with improvements made to the main armament, crew protection and internal components, the system was intended to be an export product to customers who needed more punch than the AMX-30 offered. In the end, however, the AMX-32 was only developed into two prototypes as no production orders were received.

The AMX-32 sported two differing main guns. The first prototype was featured with the AMX-30's 105mm main gun while the second prototype appeared with the more powerful 120mm type. In addition to this change, the AMX-32 also featured improved armor design along with side skirts for better protection of vital systems and crew. The turret was completely redesigned with more defined slopes and featured a 20mm coaxial cannon mount along with a commander's 7.62mm machine gun. Improvements to the fire control system were substantial when compared to its predecessor and gave the AMX-32 the capability of day/night stationary/moving target engagement including a laser rangefinder.

In the end, AMX-32 was not to be as the changes necessitated an increase in overall weight, rendering any improvements to the base AMX-30 mobility moot. The AMX-32 was never produced beyond the two prototypes and there were already other purchase options on the market available to existing AMX-30 customers.


AMX-40

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 09/25/2018 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.

The AMX-40 was an abandoned French main battle tank design intended for export to succeed the equally export-minded AMX-32 series f French-produced tanks. At least four prototypes were constructed during a span from 1983 to 1985. Design of the type began in the early 1980s, eventually yielding the first pilot vehicle in 1983. This was followed a year later by a pair of further prototypes and the final evaluation vehicle was completed in 1985. In theory, the AMX-40 would have provided a cost-effective main battle tank solution that offered firepower, limited protection and above average cross-country performance to those budget-conscious military shoppers. However, limited global market interest eventually doomed the program to zero contract sales with serious interest being generated only by neighboring Spain.

At its core, the AMX-40 was a tank of highly conventional design and configuration. The vehicle was operated by standard a crew of four personnel - the driver, gunner, loader and commander. The driver maintained a front-left hull position while the remaining crew were kept within the traversing turret. The turret was situated at the center of the hull roof and brandished a long, multi-sectioned 120mm main gun barrel. The AMX-40 borrowed the same COTAC fire control system as found on the preceding AMX-30 B2 production models. The design of the turret incorporated sloped armor to help deflect incoming enemy rounds and further protection was offered through the six smoke grenade dischargers (three to a turret side). The AMX-40 sported six road wheels to a track side (one more than the original AMX-32) with the drive sprocket at the rear and the track idler at the front of the hull. The engine was held in a compartment at the rear of the hull for maximum protection. Interestingly, the AMX-40 design featured a co-axially mounted 20mm F2 autocannon as opposed to the more traditional 7.62mm general purpose machine gun fitting found in other Western tanks. A turret roof-mounted 7.62mm machine gun was installed at the commander's cupola to combat low-flying enemy aircraft or enemy infantry. The vehicle's listed weight was 47.38 tons.

Power was supplied by way of a single Poyaud V12X diesel engine developing 1,100 horsepower. This potentially gave the vehicle a top speed of 43 miles per hour with acceptable operational ranges. Armament protection, when initially designed, was actually quite good but advancements in projectile types and anti-tank missiles soon degraded its base value.


France [ edit | edit source ]

French tanks vary wildly between the tiers, due to the paradigm changes in historical doctrines around WWII. However, their core philosophy is geared around offensive action. At lower tiers, they accomplish this with trench-assault tanks with great armor, but are as slow as foot

infantry and have mediocre anti-tank penetration power. At higher tiers, they are mobile and armed with great guns but as very theoretical tanks developed in an era where HEAT made armour less useful, they sacrifice their armor in order to achieve that performance. Most mid or above tier French tanks have an autoloader with a drum magazine, which allow for several shots in a short period of time. Almost all French tanks suffer from having few crew members which makes for less variety when choosing crew skills or perks, lack of sufficient hull and turret armor at mid-high tier, lack sufficient speed and mobility at lower tiers, and their guns almost always have long aim times. All are meant for offensive action lower tier French tanks rely on their armor to withstand enemy hits (especially machineguns, and autocannons) and higher tier French tanks rely on their speed to position stealthily and avoid hits. Lower tier guns tend to have poor anti-tank penetration, and will have trouble stopping other heavily armored vehicles advancing on them without premium munitions. Conversely higher tier tanks will find themselves handicapped on the defensive, due to the extremely long reload times on the automatic loaders. On most tiers, poor turret armor prevents them from using hull-down positions effectively. They also generally have very poor gun dispersion and aim times, which can be very frustrating and inconsistent.


Germany [ edit | edit source ]

Tier I [ edit | edit source ]

Leichttraktor - Light (Removed from Tech Tree)

Tier II [ edit | edit source ]

Tier III [ edit | edit source ]

Tier IV [ edit | edit source ]

Tier V [ edit | edit source ]

Pz.Kpfw. IV hydrostat. - Medium (One of 3 original Beta tanks in the game.)

Tier VI [ edit | edit source ]

Tier VII [ edit | edit source ]

Tier VIII [ edit | edit source ]

Snowstorm Jagdtiger 8,8 cm - Tank Destroyer - Premium [A.K.A. 8.8 cm Pak 43 Jagdtiger (2015)]

Tier IX [ edit | edit source ]

Waffenträger auf Pz. IV (WT auf. Pz. IV) - Tank Destroyer

Tier X [ edit | edit source ]

Grille 15 - Tank Destroyer [Troublemaker] [RA1DER]


World of Tanks French Tanks | Wheeled Light Tanks | AMD 178B (Tier 6) -> Panhard EBR 105 (Tier 10)

AMD 178B (Tier 6)

The AMD 178B kicks off the wheeled French light tanks with what could be considered the worst stock grind in World of Tanks. Forget the tank exists with the stock 47mm and try to use free experience to upgrade the tank.

The AMD 178B once upgraded wets your feet with the difference “feel” of driving a wheeled vehicle. Its moderately fast but doesn’t always turn as fast as you would like it to. The top 75mm is accurate while moving, has a good HE round, and feels above average for a LT. The downside is the atrocious view range that all wheeled LT have in this line and poor turning.

Hotchkiss EBR (Tier 7)

The Hotchkiss EBR pits you with another slow stock grind. The upgraded engines and the first upgraded gun make a world of difference. Upgraded this tank starts to shine with its stellar mobility, smaller tank profile, and a solid gun. The low view range and low DPM are huge negatives to this tank. They lead to a push and pull tactic where you need to take a shot and scoot away with your zippy speed. High risk…High annoyance factor against the enemy team.

Lynx 6࡬ (Tier 8)

At tier 8 the Lynx 6࡬ introduces the rapid mode and cruise mode which will also be on the tier 9 & 10 wheeled lights. This adds an additional layer to driving and moving around the map in the Lynx. Rapid mode increases your top speed to 80 km/h but reduces your turning capability. Cruise mode has a lower 58 km/h top speed but increases your turning capability.

The general play style from the previous tanks remains now with the increases flexibility of the two driving modes. The Lynx hits hard for a tier 8 light, is extremely accurate while moving, awesome camouflage levels, and has an excellent HE shell. Once again your pitiful view range and low DPM stop the Lynx 6࡬ from being completely broken. If speed and flanking is your thing then you’ll love the Lynx.

EBR 90 (Tier 9) & EBR 105 (Tier 10)

The EBR 90 & EBR 105 are the pinnacle tanks in the wheeled French light line. I combined the two since the main difference between the two are their guns (90mm vs 105mm). Both tanks also play similar to the previous tanks in the line with low view range, low DPM, and low durability. But high camouflage, insane speed, rapid/cruise modes, and an extremely accurate gun while moving.

For both tanks you will either love or love to hate them. Both the EBR 90 and EBR 105 have extremely high skill ceilings where players who squeeze the most of them are beyond dangerous on the battlefield. However, for most players the insane difficulty will leave them falling well short of that mark and well below what other LT can accomplish.

Playing the top of the French wheeled LT line is entirely dependent on reading the mini map while driving an off the walls crazy tank with pinpoint accuracy.


CV90120-T Ghosts New Components

ADAPTIV

ADAPTIV was developed and patented in Sweden after FMV and the Swedish Defence Materiel Administration commissioned BAE Systems in Örnsköldsvik to produce full-scale technology for land vehicles to avoid detection from thermal sensor systems.

CV90120-T Ghost ADAPTIV protection

After three years of challenging research, a project team of seven people, with expertise in the fields of problem solving, software, sensors, electronics and design, developed this unique solution.

The high tech camouflage system uses modules, which look like cells in a honeycomb to cover the flanks of an armoured vehicle. The modules are made of elements that can be cooled or heated up very quickly as well as controlled individually, allowing different patterns to be created.

The vehicle essentially works like a chameleon, able to mimic its surroundings, or copy other objects such as trucks and cars that can be projected onto the panels from a detailed image bank. The vehicle is also able to signal peaceful intend through flashing text messages across its flank or by creating patterns that can easily be recognized by friendly forces.

Other Stealth Capabilities

The Ghost has also seen changes in its external appearance to reduce its signature against radar detection. reminiscent of the F-117, flat sweeping surfaces have been placed over the gunners sight (glass), the 120mm main gun and mantle. The Drivers hatch has also been modified.

The vehicle has retained the earlier CV90120-T “soft kill” Active Protection System.

120mm Compact Tank Gun

CV90120-T Ghost 120mm Main Gun the 120 LLR L47

The CV90120-T Ghost uses a different 120mm Smoothbore to the earlier CV90120-T. The Ghosts is the Rheinmetall 120 LLR L47 (calibre Length 47).

The optimized barrel, use of advanced materials, the recoil buffer system and integrated gun cradle result in reduced weight and lower recoil for use in lighter-weight fighting vehicles. It is capable of firing all Rheinmetalls 120mm ammunition.


High Technology and Style United

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For a limited time, we are producing a version of two of our most popular made in the USA battery switches with a special USA look.

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New Air/Fuel Separator (New Compact Design)

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New Fill Limit Valve (FLVV)
Replaces many common fill limit valves

Our new Fill Limit Valve (FLVV) reduces airflow restrictions and allows more make-up air to enter the system when high horsepower engines are running at wide open throttle.

In some applications, this valve can also simplify system plumbing.

Navigation Lights

Perko® has been guiding vessels across the globe with some of the most dependable and sought-after navigation lights in the marine industry.

Our navigation lights are designed to be affordable and well-made while meeting current US Coast Guard requirements.

Searchlights

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Battery Switches

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They help to prevent battery drain during periods of inactivity and also allow for a quick and easy way to shut down the entire electrical system in an emergency. An optional key lock helps to prevent unauthorized use of the vessel.

New Pressure Relief Fuel Fills with New Flip Top Cap Design
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Delphi-Perko Carbon Canisters are CARB approved
May 16, 2018 - 2:00 pm

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United States of America

Gonsior, Opp, and Frank War Automobile: A joint armored car project designed by Joseph Gonsior, Friedrich Opp, and William Frank. A joint project between the USA and Austro-Hungary from 1916, it had a machine gun in an oscillating turret. The elevation/depression was controlled via hand-cranks. Never left blueprint stages. 1916, no serial production.
76mm Gun Tank T71: A light tank design by two competitors. These were Detroit Arsenal (DA) and Cadillac Motor Car Division (CMCD). DA’s design utilised an oscillating turret and autoloader feeding a 76mm gun. The vehicle was never built and never left blueprint stages. Early-1950s, no serial production
90mm Gun Tank T69: Medium Tank prototype with an oscillating turret mounted on the hull of the failed T42 medium tank project. The turret contained an 8-shot cylinder, not unlike a giant version of one you would find on a handgun. Only one was ever built as the turret was not thought to provide “any real advantage” over the traditional type. Mid-1950s, no serial production.
105mm Gun Tank T54E1: Medium tank prototype produced for series of trials to find the best way to mount a 105mm gun on the hull of the M48 Patton III. An autoloader system was also utilised inside the turret. Mid-1950s, no serial production.
155mm Gun Tank T58: A heavy tank design utilising an oscillating turret with autoloader, mounted on the hull of the T43/M103 hull. Had the tank left the drawing board, it would’ve been armed with a 155mm gun, the largest gun to be mounted in an oscillating turret. Mid-1950s, no serial production.
120mm Gun Tank T57: A heavy tank design similar to the T58 but armed instead with a 120mm gun. Mid-1950s, no serial production.
120mm Gun Tank T77: A heavy tank project to mounting the T57’s turret on the hull of the M48 Patton III. Mid-1950s, no serial production.
M1128 Mobile Gun System: The latest American vehicle to use this turret type. It consists of an unmanned, remote turret on the hull of the Stryker ICV (Infantry Combat Vehicle). The vehicle is armed with a 105mm M68A2 rifled gun, and is fed by an 8-round autoloader. 2013, currently serving.


Buy ‘The Pentagon Wars’

In 1977, Congress wanted to know if the new armored personnel carrier could survive a fight against Soviet forces in Europe. By that time, the Army had worked on the Bradley—while repeatedly changing its requirements—for years.

“The Army requires an infantry righting vehicle [and] the design of the IFV is acceptable,” concludes an Army study, which the Pentagon declassified in 2003, and recently released online at the Army’s Heritage and Education Center.

The Bradley would enter service. But now legislators wanted plans for a better design that could be ready within the decade.

The problem was that future Soviet tanks might turn the Bradleys into veritable coffins. If World War III broke out, the U.S. could face Russian armored beasts with huge main guns, long-range missiles and thick armor.

“In the 1987 time frame, the Warsaw Pact 130-division force … would contain more than 34,000 tanks, the majority being T-72s, with a good proportion of the successor tank,” the Army’s study warns.

“The Warsaw Pact will be turning out larger numbers of tanks with guns of 120-millimeter or larger bore and advanced armor,” points out a now-declassified CIA article, published two years later.

Above, at top and at bottom—an early U.S. Army M-2 Bradley in Saudi Arabia during Operation Desert Shield. Army photos

With these threats in mind, Army weaponeers proposed a heavily armored infantry carrier using the same chassis as the prototype XM-1 Abrams tank, including a similarly shaped hull.

Using American and European designs as starting points, officials drew up four possible variants—with different kinds of weapons and armor.

Two versions had manned turrets—just like the Bradley—with 25-millimeter cannons and flip-up, anti-tank missile launchers. But one had slightly less armor than the other. A third model had the same weapons, except mounted in a remote-controlled turret.

To ward off enemy infantry, all three had a 40-millimeter grenade launcher mounted on the back.

These variants were similar to German Marders, French AMX-10s and Dutch YPR-765s. Early Marders also had rear-mounted remote-firing machine guns.

The fourth proposed model featured an experimental, rapid-firing 75-millimeter gun. The Pentagon’s Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency was already exploring the potential of this “Super 75” as a light-weight anti-tank weapon—another project that eventually faded into obscurity.

Like the Bradley, all four models had a crew of three—a driver, gunner and commander—and could transport six fully-equipped soldiers straight into battle. If the bad guys got too close, the troops could shoot through firing ports mounted along the hull.

Most importantly, each design would use “special armor” technology, according to the Army document. The document doesn’t define this term, but it likely refers to advanced—and still classified—blends of depleted uranium and ceramic plates.

The whole family went by the name Special Armor Infantry Fighting Vehicle, or SAIFV. Army officials estimated that new, heavier armor would make these SAIFVs more survivable than the Bradley, according to the study.

The Army Tank and Automotive Research and Development Command believed the first APCs could be ready to go sometime between 1983 and 1986. Private analysts thought it would take an extra two years, according to the official report.

Unfortunately, the planned vehicles would be gigantic when compared to existing APCs. They’d be almost 40 tons heavier than the prototype Bradleys.

That’s huge. Worse, the fully-armored version would actually weigh more than the Abrams tank.

And the new vehicles would be expensive as heck. The Army estimated the cost at around $1 million each—more than twice as much as the Bradley.

The ground combat branch didn’t believe the extra protection outweighed this enormous price tag.

Army designers offered to blend the Bradley’s turret and hull together with the Abrams’ engine and suspension. But the service rejected both the SAIFV and this “High Mobility IFV” concept.

In the end, the Army concluded that the available designs for “a more survivable follow-on vehicle” simply weren’t practical. Still, the study recommended that generals keep looking for alternatives to the Bradley.

When the Cold War ended—and the Soviets ceased to be a major threat—the Pentagon’s interest in heavy armor waned.

But with Russia’s aggressive posture in Eastern Europe and the rapidly expanding Chinese military, the Army has again taken interest in armored fighting vehicles.

However, the Pentagon canceled its latest program to replace the Bradley in February 2014. The planned Ground Combat Vehicle suffered from many of the same problems as the SAIFV. It was heavy and too expensive.

“Do we need a new infantry fighting vehicle? Yes,” Army Chief of Staff Gen. Ray Odierno told the Association of the U.S. Army the month before.

“Can we afford a new infantry fighting vehicle now? No,” Odierno added.

A year earlier, the Congressional Budget Office predicted the final design would weigh more than 80 tons. The GCV could also cost as much as $13.5 million each—more than 10 times as much as the first Bradleys—according to the CBO.

“What I am hoping for is technology will continue to allow us in three to four years from now build a new infantry fighting vehicle that is absolutely necessary,” Ordierno said.

American soldiers still ride around inside improved Bradley fighting vehicles. Now, the Army is upgrading those vehicles again while it continues to look for a true replacement.


Watch the video: Гайд по AMX 38 (August 2022).